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novice aquatic plants questions

First of all, I can raise just about any plant in dirt outside but have 
always managed to kill off aquarium plants pretty quickly.  My success with 
terrestrial plants I attribute to:  knowledge of  basics +  above average 
Midwest soil + Indiana  weather.  I suspect my biggest problems in raising 
aquarium plants is light and the second is substrate and nutrition.

My initial goal is to have most of my aquariums nicely planted without 
getting into CO2 injection systems, costly lighting systems or anything 

A couple of years ago while I was on a field trip with the 
<A HREF="http://www.nanfa.org/">North American Native Fishes Association</A>, 
I spoke to a gentleman from Illinois who said all the tanks in his fish room 
were heavily planted with a variety of plants.  When I asked him what he did 
to achieve that he told me nothing special:  he was using cheap two bulb 
fluorescent shop lights and bulbs from Walmart, stuck the plants in the 
gravel and did not add anything in the way of fertilizer.  Perhaps his plants 
were all uncomplicated-and-easy-to-grow types.  (Anyone have a suggested list 
of those?)
If he can do it, I figure I can too.  

Now let me mention my success this year:  I was given a bag of assorted, poor 
condition plants that a local pet store was getting ready to throw out.  The 
only one I can ID for sure is banana plants (one of which is blooming), some 
sort of emergent variety, and misc. others.  I took clay pots, filled the 
bottom with gravel, put the worse regional clay soil I could find in the 
middle, inserted the plant, then put about 1/2" of gravel on top and placed 
them in a 20" deep outdoor pond that only had Daphnia Magna, rainwater, a 
little dirt and some composted manure in it (to promote algae growth for the 
daphnia).  I had also placed assorted marine and FW shells and some chunks of 
limestone in the bottom.  Old aquarium water and mulm has been added.  Most 
of the plants are doing great, a few died off, a few are mediocre. 

In the next 60 days I need to get them moved inside.  My intentions are to 
keep them alive and thriving indoors.  
My plans right now are to leave them in the clay pots and simply bury them as 
deeply as they will go in the gravel in established and newly set up 
aquariums, some of which have underground filters.  The emergent plants I 
intend to place near the surface in built up areas of the tank.  

Most of the tanks have single bulb fluorescent or incandescent lights.  Sizes 
vary but most are 10, 29 and 40 gallon tanks.  Some are heated, the ones with 
native fish are not.  Water is city water treated for chlorine, chloramine 
and copper.  Being an amateur, I do not know any other water details.

One of the things I am concerned about is the plants going in to shock from 
being in mostly full sunlight to an indoor aquarium.  One idea I had was to 
float pieces of Styrofoam in the pond to reduce sunlight and then transfer 
them inside.  

One of the other big concerns is the lighting.  Are the single bulb 
fluorescent lights going to be sufficient or do I need to go to double bulbs? 
 What type of inexpensive bulbs will probably be sufficient for success?  Are 
there incandescent bulbs available that are sufficient for plant growth or do 
those also need to be replaced?   

Even as an amateur, I am aware that you could write several large books on 
these subjects, but I need some simple, 10th grade level answers if possible. 
Along with the 
<A HREF="www.nativefish.org ">Native Fish Conservancy,</A> I have set up a 
native fish aquarium at an inner city library branch and am assisting some 
generally poor, uneducated (and even more unknowing than me) patrons with 
suggestions and extra plants in setting up their own aquariums.  

All advice and help appreciated!

Chuck Church
Indianapolis, Indiana USA