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Gut loading, bloodworms, Live Foods Encyclopedia

>Should be possible to enrich smaller organisms (artemia, moina, etc)
>with formulas like ALGAMAC 2000, etc. Might be possible to gutload >the 

That is always a good idea! Short term gut loading with algae (referred 
to as an indirect enrichment because the predators will receive the 
enrichment through consuming the carrier which "carries" the substances 
in the gut) will in most cases enhance the nutritional value of the prey 
species. You will have to spend some time/work to make it happen and 
spend some money on buying dried algae paste at the health store. Or, 
try culturing algae yourself. Interesting, but very labour intensive. 
But hey! It's a hobby, right?!

>They eat finely ground fish food. I fed mine ground Tetramin Staple. 

In nature bloodworms feed on bacteria, micro- and macro-algae, detritus, 
... I guess you can feed them whatever you want as long as it is fine 
enough. The worms do not seem to care.

>After emergence one can offer the midges some dissolved honey (about >a 
10% solution).

As far as my knowledge reaches, most non-biting adult midges (e.g. 
Chironomus .....) do not eat anymore, only the larvae consume food. This 
does not apply to the biting species, but if you consider culturing ... 
culture the non-biting species for obvious reasons.

>To mate, the midges need air space. For Chironomus riparius one >needs 
about two cubic feet of space. I used a 10-gallon tank covered >with 
mosquito netting. I just placed my culture container in the >tank and 
provided another container (with rotting leaves) for >oviposition. If 
you have several male/female pairs, they will do the >rest without any 
help, depositing a gelatinous egg mass.

This is supposed to be the biggest obstacle in rearing bloodworms, i.e. 
the darn adults just don't procreate. They need enough space to swarm 
and they just don't do that in captivity.
>If anybody has successfully cultured Chironomus riparius or another 
>"bloodworm" over several generations, please let me know, because I 
>would like to try my hand at it again.

A good place for more information is the National University of 
Singapore; check out following page: 

>Recently, reference was made to the Live Food Encyclopedia. Is there 
>such a publication? Trevor crystals at terra_net.au

Trevor, the book you are referring to is called Live Foods Encyclopedia, 
written by Charles Masters. It is an old book but still contains 
valuable information for novices as well as more experienced people. 
Check Amazon, Barnes & Nobles or the local bookstore. More than likely 
the book will have to be ordered.

Steve Geerts
San Francisco Bay Brand

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