Aquatic Plants Digest V1 #22
To: Aquatic-Plants at actwin_com
Subject: Aquatic Plants Digest V1 #22
From: glen at harlie_pps.com (Glen Osterhout)
Date: Tue, 18 Apr 95 09:47:00 EDT
>Date: Mon, 17 Apr 1995 20:18:00 -0400
>From: "shaji (s.) bhaskar" <bhaskar at bnr_ca>
>Subject: Substrate heating coils
Cc: Aquatic-Plants at actwin_com
In-Reply-To: Aquatic-Plants-Owner at actwin_com's message of Tue, 18 Apr 1995 03:39:02 -0400 <199504180739.DAA23795 at looney_actwin.com>
>I finally broke down and decided to try DIY substrate heating. My
>basic plan is that of Dan Resler and Uwe Behle, but I want to build
>mine out of locally available materials. I am going to build a 30W
>heater for my 70 gallon tank (footprint 48" x 18").
>I've decided on a 24V, 2A transformer, and 30 gauge wire-wrapping
>wire, both from Radio Shack. The only major problem is that I need
>200 feet of wire to get 30 watts of power. I'm going to do this using
>4 reels of 50-foot wire, wound in parallel on a frame built of solid
>steel-core, vinyl-insulated clothesline from my local hardware store.
>The ends of the reels will them be soldered together to connect the
>four reels in series. The frame will be glued to a 46" x 16" piece of
>plastic carpet backing and placed at the bottom of my tank. Add
>gravel, and I should be all set.
>The only tools I'll need should be a drill , soldering iron,
>screwdrivers, and cutting pliers, all things I already have.
>I expect the total cost of the installed heater to be under $50.
You can simplify your project by using a 12 volt transformer instead of
a 24 volt one if you are using 30 guage wire. You only need about 10
meters of wire at 12 volts. Here is a repost of an article I posted
about the one I built:
I have a 70 gallon tank, and I decided to go with a low power heater that
I could leave on all the time, a la Dennerle. I used 10 meters of 30 gauge
wire (the kind used for wire wrap). I used an undergravel filter to hold the
wires in place by drilling holes in the sides and threading the wire back
and forth through them. I soldered the ends of the 30 gauge wires to 18
gauge wire and covered each solder joint with heat shrink tubing (because of
the difference in the size of the wires you need to use several sizes of heat
shrink, and use it build up the diameter of the 30 gauge wire). The other
end of the 18 gauge wire I attached to the + and - terminals of a 12 volt
switching power supply ($22 at a surplus electronics store). The switcher is
as efficient as a transformer, costs about the same, and was easier to find.
10 meters of 30 gauge = 3.45 ohms
Since P = V^2/R, P = about 40 watts.
This means you need a power supply that can supply 3.33 amps at 12v,
or 4 amps to be conservative.