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[APD] Malate

Does anyone know anything about how malate helps protect aquatic plants from

Ethanol is a fermentation by-product of organic decay in the substrate. It's
fairly persistent but  can be oxidized to acetic acid which also is more
persistent. It's just like a bottle of wine going sour if the cork leaks or
if you leave the top off for a few days.

I've asked this in the Crypts forum but got no useful information yet.

Steve P

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